Diamonds have long held a special place in the world of fine jewellery, their brilliance and allure transcending time and trends. For those who appreciate the exquisite beauty and craftsmanship of yesteryear, antique and vintage rings offer a unique glimpse into the rich history of diamond cuts. In this blog post, we will take you on a journey through the evolution of diamond cutting techniques, exploring the most remarkable styles that have graced British fingers over the centuries.
- The Table Cut (14th - 17th Century)
The earliest known diamond cut, the table cut, can be traced back to the 14th century. Characterised by a flat top and a simple, square or rectangular shape, this cut served as the foundation for more intricate cuts that would follow. The table cut's relatively modest sparkle was still highly prized, with these diamonds often set in ornate ring designs to showcase their beauty.
- The Rose Cut (16th - 18th Century)
First appearing in the 16th century, the rose cut was named for its resemblance to a rose bud. This cut features a flat base and a domed top adorned with triangular facets. The number of facets could vary, with some rose cuts boasting as many as 24. Rose cut diamonds exude a soft, romantic glow that has made them a popular choice for antique and vintage rings.
- The Old Mine Cut (18th - 19th Century)
Developed during the 18th century, the old mine cut was the precursor to today's brilliant cuts. Also known as the cushion cut, this diamond features a square shape with rounded corners and a high crown. The old mine cut typically has 58 facets, which were designed to maximise the stone's fire and sparkle. Due to the hand-crafted nature of these stones, no two old mine cuts are exactly alike, making each piece truly unique.
- The Old European Cut (19th - Early 20th Century)
As diamond cutting techniques advanced, the old European cut emerged during the late 19th century. This cut is essentially the round version of the old mine cut, with 58 facets and a high crown. The old European cut was the forerunner to the modern round brilliant cut, and its distinctive chunky facets and warm glow make it a favourite among vintage ring enthusiasts.
- The Asscher Cut (Early 20th Century)
Invented in 1902 by Dutch diamond cutter Joseph Asscher, the Asscher cut is a square step cut with cropped corners, creating an elegant octagonal shape. This cut rose to prominence during the Art Deco period of the 1920s and 1930s, known for its geometric lines and bold, angular forms. Asscher cut diamonds often take centre stage in antique rings, surrounded by intricate designs and complementary gemstones.
- The Emerald Cut (Early 20th Century)
Also hailing from the Art Deco era, the emerald cut is a rectangular step cut with cropped corners. Named for its similarity to the cutting style used for emeralds, this cut showcases the diamond's clarity, revealing any inclusions or imperfections. The elongated shape and clean lines of the emerald cut have made it a timeless classic in antique and vintage rings.
In conclusion, he captivating history of diamond cuts offers a wealth of inspiration for those seeking a one-of-a-kind piece of jewellery. Whether you are drawn to the gentle charm of the rose cut or the bold geometry of the emerald cut, antique and vintage rings provide an enchanting glimpse into the past, allowing you to carry a piece of history with you always.